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Terms of Use

The website is published by the Institute for the History of the German Jews (IGdJ) in Hamburg.


It has has been created in the context of the virtual online course “Public History: Re/Constructions of the Past in Jerusalem and Munich” jointly taught during the winter semester / semester aleph 2020/21 at LMU Munich and The Hebrew University of Jerusalem by Dr. Kim Wünschmann and Dr. Lina Nikou. 

This website is conceived as open access content. The following terms apply for its non-commercial use:


Digitized Content


Digitized content such as audio, audio-visual, text, and images are displayed on the condition of scholarly and private use of the data only. Commercial use is strictly prohibited, and any display of the content must include information on the context of its creation and on the institution owning it. Publication of digitized content by third parties is permissible only after obtaining permission from the institution owning them and in accordance with their rules and regulations.


The copyright to the digitized images featured on the website is held by the sources mentioned. Unless explicitly noted otherwise, the following applies: for questions concerning the reproduction of images, text, or audio-visual content in publications, etc. please contact the copyright holders directly.


Rights and Permissions


Copyright information is given for all material, and information on the holding person or institution is provided for all sources in order to create the highest possible level of transparency for users.


Sources include information on permissions and copyright as stipulated by the respective holding institution. Downloads of sources are permitted for research and private purposes but not for further distribution or publication. For material protected by copyright the options for use are limited. The Institute for the History of German Jews is not liable for violations against existing terms of use.


Data Protection


The general data protection declaration of the Institute for the History of the German Jews applies to the processing of all personal data arising in the course of the operation of this site.


Liability for Links


Our site contains links to external websites, over which we have no influence. Therefore, we can not accept any liability for this external content. The respective provider or operator of the websites is always responsible for the content of these pages. The linked pages were inspected for possible violations of law at the time of the placing of the link. Illegal contents were not apparent when the link was created. Continuous monitoring of the contents of the linked web pages is not plausible where there is no actual indication of an infringement of the law. Upon notification of violations, we will remove such links immediately.




The work of the individual contributors to this website remains their own and as creators they are responsible for the content. 

The Institute for the History of the German Jews does not guarantee the completeness or accuracy of the content provided, nor does it guarantee uninterrupted functioning of the website or permanent accessibility of the internet application.


With particular regard to paragraphs 86a and 130 of the Criminal Code (StGB) of the Federal Republic of Germany, we state that the content displayed on these pages does not serve a propagandistic purpose, advertise for banned organizations or associations, deny or downplay National Socialist crimes, nor is it displayed with the purpose of debasing human dignity. The content displayed on these pages (in words and images) exclusively serves the purposes of research in the areas of history, the social sciences, and cultural studies as defined in paragraph 86 StGB, section 3. It is published with the intention of imparting knowledge that will encourage intellectual independence and a willingness to take responsibility among all citizens and thus serve the purpose of promoting their political maturity.

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